What Is Pubertal Gynecomastia?
Pubertal gynecomastia is a term that indicates an enlargement of male breasts and transforming it into the female form. There are two types of gynecomastia: true and false. True gynecomastia is caused by the growth of breast tissue; false gynecomastia is associated with the obesity, which increases the size of the breasts.
Unlike adipose fibroadipose tissue (the one, that is formed with gynecomastia), has a higher density. Gynecomastia may also have some painful sensations when it is touched. Pain caused by the rapid growth of the glandular tissue (the tissue that exists in our organism to secrete something). In time, the pain can be reduced or disappeared at all. It has many factors to be found at male organism, however, let us see, the main origin of that disease.
The Reasons Behind Pubertal Gynecomastia
True gynecomastia is the result of the predominance of the male over female hormones. For sure, our organisms produce hormones of both gender types, but the preference is given to the hormones of our gender. Women have a larger amount of estrogen than testosterone in their organisms, and men, instead, should have more testosterone than estrogen. When that is not happening, the imbalance occurs and because of that imbalance, we are having problems with male/female identification of our organisms. Not only the reduced amount of testosterone created in organism causes the gynecomastia, but also the hyperproduction of estrogen does this. Man organism may produce estrogen from the testicles. However, it happens rarely and even rarer it becomes the reason of gynecomastia’s appearing. More often, estrogens are transformed from androgens. This occurs in adipose tissue and liver. Such phenomena occur most often during the development of the endocrine system. Most often, gynecomastia occurs during some “hormonal changes” all of us have: in the neonatal period, at puberty (12 to 15 years), in the elderly (over 45 years). Gynecomastia, during these periods of man’s life, is quite common and is often due to its prevalence is called physiological or idiopathic. If we are talking about the one that occurs at puberty we should say that it occurs in 50-70% of boys during puberty and usually goes away after 1-2 years. Pubertal gynecomastia is usually bilateral (symmetric or asymmetric), but may be one-sided. The reason is not certain; it suggests that early puberty increases the ratio of estrogen/androgen in the serum.
Other Reasons For Gynecomastia’s Emergence
Rarer gynecomastia is caused by adrenal tumors, testicular tumors, and tumors of the pancreas, stomach or lungs. Gynecomastia, in most times, regresses spontaneously, and does not deliver any major inconvenience for a man. However, the continued existence of gynecomastia increases the risk of breast cancer. The appearance of this disease is not so common for men, as for women; however, it has almost the same consequences. The symptoms that may help you find the breast cancer: bloody discharge from the nipple, the appearance of tight seal skin and changes in its structure, the emergence of ulceration, increase of the auxiliary lymph nodes.
Treatment Of Pubertal Gynecomastia
Usually, gynecomastia in adolescence regresses spontaneously. However, in order to suppress the high concentration of estrogen some hormonal drugs may be used like clomiphene, testolactone, dihydrotestosterone, danazol (the consultation of your doctor is obligatory). If under the influence of treatment, reducing the breast does not happen, there is a need for surgical treatment to correct a cosmetic defect. Surgery is run under general anesthesia.
How To Fix A Cosmetic Defect?
The patient may be concerned about a cosmetic defect that causes both true and false gynecomastia. The defect is only possible to be removed with the help of surgery. The operation involves the removal of the breast tissue and usually liposuction – removal of fat in that area.
How A Boy Can Avoid The Symptoms Of Gynecomastia?
Of course, the most important way to prevent breast enlargement for men is some preventive measures, like in most of the diseases. To prevent gynecomastia man must abandon or minimize the use of anabolic steroids, do not abuse alcohol (especially beer, which is so popular among teenagers and middle-aged men) and observe the culture of food intake ( know the amount of products he needs to eat). The latter is also quite important because, for example, lots of tasty foods contain high levels of estrogen, so it is better to give preference to vegetable and healthy meal.